What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and back-ground knowledge.. Lyon, Shaywitz, 2003, p.2
Dyslexia is NOT a Medical Disorder
• Even though neurologists, geneticists, psychiatrists, neuro-psychologists, and other investigators trained in medical science have greatly enhanced our understanding of the nature of reading, writing, and language difficulty.
• Dyslexia remains a condition that requires EDUCATIONAL intervention and treatment not medical treatment.